Dental implants offer the benefit of being able to facilitate tooth replacement without the need to involve teeth adjacent to the edentulous area.
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into the jaw in order to hold a replacement tooth (the crown) which emulates the shape of the root.
The implant is surgically incorporated into the bone over time to become a stable base for crowns. Dental implants can replace a single tooth, several teeth, or support partial or full dentures.
The establishment of a strong biomechanical bond between implant and jawbone is called osseointegration which depends on many factors including mainly medical status of the patient, smoking habits, bone quality, bacterial contamination, immediate loading, and implant surface characteristics which should be biocompatible, biofunctional.
Titanium is nowadays one of the most important metals in the industry and has become the most commonly used implant material in dentistry.
Dental implants are a more conservative long term option than long span bridges:
- Placement of dental implants serves to preserve bone.
- Dental implants can provide posterior support. Removable partials dentures do not provide posterior support long term.
- Dental implants are resistant to disease.
- Preservation of tooth structure